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RocketLink!--> Man page versions: OpenBSD FreeBSD Others

SHA1(3)                   OpenBSD Programmer's Manual                  SHA1(3)

     SHA1Init, SHA1Update, SHA1Final, SHA1Transform, SHA1End, SHA1File,
     SHA1Data - calculate the NIST Secure Hash Algorithm

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sha1.h>

     SHA1Init(SHA1_CTX *context);

     SHA1Update(SHA1_CTX *context, const u_char *data, u_int len);

     SHA1Final(u_char digest[20], SHA1_CTX *context);

     SHA1Transform(u_int32_t state[5], u_char buffer[64]);

     char *
     SHA1End(SHA1_CTX *context, char *buf);

     char *
     SHA1File(char *filename, char *buf);

     char *
     SHA1Data(u_char *data, u_int len, char *buf);

     The SHA1 functions implement the NIST Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-1), FIPS
     PUB 180-1.  SHA-1 is used to generate a condensed representation of a
     message called a message digest.  The algorithm takes a message less than
     2^64 bits as input and produces a 160-bit digest suitable for use as a
     digital signature.

     The SHA1 functions are considered to be more secure than the md4(3) and
     md5(3) functions with which they share a similar interface.

     The SHA1Init() function initializes a SHA1_CTX context for use with
     SHA1Update(), and SHA1Final().  The SHA1Update() function adds data of
     length len to the SHA1_CTX specified by context. SHA1Final() is called
     when all data has been added via SHA1Update() and stores a message digest
     in the digest parameter.  When a null pointer is passed to SHA1Final() as
     first argument only the final padding will be applied and the current
     context can still be used with SHA1Update().

     The SHA1Transform() function is used by SHA1Update() to hash 512-bit
     blocks and forms the core of the algorithm.  Most programs should use the
     interface provided by SHA1Init(), SHA1Update() and SHA1Final() instead of
     calling SHA1Transform() directly.

     The SHA1End() function is a front end for SHA1Final() which converts the
     digest into an ASCII representation of the 160 bit digest in hexadecimal.

     The SHA1File() function calculates the digest for a file and returns the
     result via SHA1End().  If SHA1File() is unable to open the file a NULL
     pointer is returned.

     The SHA1Data() function calculates the digest of an arbitrary string and
     returns the result via SHA1End().

     For each of the SHA1End(), SHA1File(), and SHA1Data() functions the buf
     parameter should either be a string of at least 41 characters in size or
     a NULL pointer.  In the latter case, space will be dynamically allocated
     via malloc(3) and should be freed using free(3) when it is no longer

     The follow code fragment will calculate the digest for the string "abc"
     which is ``0xa9993e36476816aba3e25717850c26c9cd0d89d''.

           SHA1_CTX sha;
           u_char results[20];
           char *buf;
           int n;

           buf = "abc";
           n = strlen(buf);
           SHA1Update(&sha, (u_char *)buf, n);
           SHA1Final(results, &sha);

           /* Print the digest as one long hex value */
           for (n = 0; n < 20; n++)
                   printf("%02x", results[n]);

     Alternately, the helper functions could be used in the following way:

           SHA1_CTX sha;
           u_char output[41];
           char *buf = "abc";

           printf("0x%s\n", SHA1Data(buf, strlen(buf), output));

     This implementation of SHA-1 has not been validated by NIST and as such
     is not in official compliance with the standard.

     If a message digest is to be copied to a multi-byte type (ie: an array of
     five 32-bit integers) it will be necessary to perform byte swapping on
     little endian machines such as the i386, alpha, and vax.

     This implementation of SHA-1 was written by Steve Reid.

     The SHA1End(), SHA1File(), and SHA1Data() helper functions are derived
     from code written by Poul-Henning Kamp.

     sha1(1),  md4(3),  md5(3),  rmd160(3)

     J. Burrows, The Secure Hash Standard, FIPS PUB 180-1.

     The SHA-1 functions appeared in OpenBSD 2.0.

OpenBSD 2.6                      July 10, 1997                               2

Source: OpenBSD 2.6 man pages. Copyright: Portions are copyrighted by BERKELEY
SOFTWARE DESIGN, INC., The Regents of the University of California, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD Inc., and others.

(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)

[Detailed Topics]
OpenBSD sources for sha1(3)

[Overview Topics]

Up to: Data integrity and Security, Checksums and Digests - cryptography, message digests, etc.

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