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MD4(3) OpenBSD Programmer's Manual MD4(3)
MD4Init, MD4Update, MD4Final, MD4End, MD4File, MD4Data - calculate the
RSA Data Security, Inc., ``MD4'' message digest
MD4Update(MD4_CTX *context, const unsigned char *data, unsigned int len);
MD4Final(unsigned char digest, MD4_CTX *context);
MD4End(MD4_CTX *context, char *buf);
MD4File(char *filename, char *buf);
MD4Data(unsigned char *data, unsigned int len, char *buf);
The MD4 functions calculate a 128-bit cryptographic checksum (digest) for
any number of input bytes. A cryptographic checksum is a one-way hash-
function, that is, you cannot find (except by exhaustive search) the in-
put corresponding to a particular output. This net result is a ``finger-
print'' of the input-data, which doesn't disclose the actual input.
MD2 is the slowest, MD4 is the fastest and MD5 is somewhere in the mid-
dle. MD2 can only be used for Privacy-Enhanced Mail. MD4 has been shown
to have severe vulnerabilities; it should only be used where necessary
for backward compatibility. MD5 has not yet (1999-02-11) been broken,
but recent attacks have cast some doubt on its security properties. The
attacks on both MD4 and MD5 are both in the nature of finding ``colli-
sions'' - that is, multiple inputs which hash to the same value; it is
still unlikely for an attacker to be able to determine the exact original
input given a hash value.
The MD4Init(), MD4Update(), and MD4Final() functions are the core func-
tions. Allocate an MD4_CTX, initialize it with MD4Init(), run over the
data with MD4Update(), and finally extract the result using MD4Final().
When a null pointer is passed to MD4Final() as first argument only the
final padding will be applied and the current context can still be used
MD4End() is a wrapper for MD4Final() which converts the return value to a
33-character (including the terminating '\0') ASCII string which repre-
sents the 128 bits in hexadecimal.
MD4File() calculates the digest of a file, and uses MD4End() to return
the result. If the file cannot be opened, a null pointer is returned.
MD4Data() calculates the digest of a chunk of data in memory, and uses
MD4End() to return the result.
When using MD4End(), MD4File(), or MD4Data(), the buf argument can be a
null pointer, in which case the returned string is allocated with mal-
loc(3) and subsequently must be explicitly deallocated using free(3) af-
ter use. If the buf argument is non-null it must point to at least 33
characters of buffer space.
md5(3), rmd160(3), sha1(3)
B. Kaliski, The MD2 Message-Digest Algorithm, RFC 1319.
R. Rivest, The MD4 Message-Digest Algorithm, RFC 1186.
R. Rivest, The MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm, RFC 1321.
RSA Laboratories, Frequently Asked Questions About today's Cryptography,
H. Dobbertin, "Alf Swindles Ann", CryptoBytes, 1(3):5, 1995.
MJ. B. Robshaw, "On Recent Results for MD2, MD4 and MD5", RSA
Laboratories Bulletin, 4, November 12, 1996.
Hans Dobbertin, Cryptanalysis of MD5 Compress.
The original MD4 routines were developed by RSA Data Security, Inc., and
published in the above references. This code is derived directly from
these implementations by Poul-Henning Kamp <email@example.com>
Phk ristede runen.
These functions appeared in OpenBSD 2.0.
Hans Dobbertin has shown collisions for the full version of MD4 and found
a collision in the compress function of MD5. The use of SHA or RIPEMD-160
is recommended instead.
MD2 has only been licensed for use in Privacy Enhanced Mail. Use MD4 or
MD5 if that isn't what you're doing.
Copyright (C) 1991-2, RSA Data Security, Inc. Created 1991. All rights
License to copy and use this software is granted provided that it is
identified as the "RSA Data Security, Inc. MD4 Message-Digest Algorithm"
in all material mentioning or referencing this software or this function.
License is also granted to make and use derivative works provided that
such works are identified as "derived from the RSA Data Security, Inc.
MD4 Message-Digest Algorithm" in all material mentioning or referencing
the derived work.
RSA Data Security, Inc. makes no representations concerning either the
merchantability of this software or the suitability of this software for
any particular purpose. It is provided "as is" without express or implied
warranty of any kind.
These notices must be retained in any copies of any part of this documen-
tation and/or software.
OpenBSD 2.6 October 9, 1996 2
Source: OpenBSD 2.6 man pages. Copyright: Portions are copyrighted by BERKELEY
SOFTWARE DESIGN, INC., The Regents of the University of California, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD Inc., and others.
(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)
Up to: Data integrity and Security, Checksums and Digests - cryptography, message digests, etc.
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