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RocketLink!--> Man page versions: OpenBSD

YPCLNT(3)                 OpenBSD Programmer's Manual                YPCLNT(3)

     yp_all, yp_bind, yp_first, yp_get_default_domain, yp_master, yp_match,
     yp_next, yp_order, yp_unbind, yperr_string, ypprot_err - Interface to the
     YP subsystem

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <rpcsvc/ypclnt.h>
     #include <rpcsvc/yp_prot.h>

     yp_all(char *indomain, char *inmap, struct ypall_callback *incallback);

     yp_bind(char *dom);

     yp_first(char *indomain, char *inmap, char **outkey, int *outkeylen,
             char **outval, int *outvallen);

     yp_get_default_domain(char **domp);

     yp_master(char *indomain, char *inmap, char **outname);

     yp_match(char *indomain, char *inmap, const char *inkey, int inkeylen,
             char **outval, int *outvallen);

     yp_next(char *indomain, char *inmap, char *inkey, int inkeylen,
             char **outkey, int *outkeylen, char **outval, int *outvallen);

     yp_order(char *indomain, char *inmap, char *outorder);

     yp_unbind(char *dom);

     char *
     yperr_string(int incode);

     ypprot_err(unsigned int incode);

     The ypclnt suite provides an interface to the YP subsystem.  For a gener-
     al description of the YP subsystem, see yp(8).

     For all functions, input values begin with in and output values begin
     with out. Any output values of type char ** should be the addresses of
     uninitialized character pointers.  Memory will be allocated by the YP
     client routines using malloc().  This memory can later be freed by the
     user if there is no additional need for the data stored there.  For
     outkey and outval, two extra bytes of memory are allocated for a `\n' and
     `\0', which are not reflected in the values of outkeylen or outvallen.
     All occurrences of indomain and inmap must be non-null, NUL-terminated
     strings.  All input strings which also have a corresponding length param-
     eter cannot be null unless the corresponding length value is zero.  Such
     strings need not be NUL-terminated.

     All YP lookup calls (the functions yp_all(), yp_first(), yp_master(),
     yp_match(), yp_next(), yp_order()) require a YP domain name and a YP map
     name.  The default domain name may be obtained by calling
     yp_get_default_domain(), and should thus be used before all other YP
     calls in a client program.  The value it places outdomain is suitable for
     use as the indomain parameter to all subsequent YP calls.

     In order for YP lookup calls to succeed, the client process must be bound
     to a YP server process.  The client process need not explicitly bind to
     the server, as it happens automatically whenever a lookup occurs.  The
     function yp_bind() is provided for a backup strategy, e.g. a local file,
     when a YP server process is not available.  Each binding uses one socket
     descriptor on the client process, which may be explicitly freed using
     yp_unbind(), which frees all per-process and per-node resources to bind
     the domain and marks the domain unbound.

     If, during a YP lookup, an RPC failure occurs, the domain used in the
     lookup is automatically marked unbound and the ypclnt layer retries the
     lookup as long as ypbind(8) is running and either the client process can-
     not bind to a server for the domain specified in the lookup, or RPC re-
     quests to the YP server process fail.  If an error is not RPC-related,
     one of the YP error codes described below is returned and control given
     back to the user code.

     The ypclnt suite provides the following functionality:

     yp_match()        Provides the value associated with the given key.

     yp_first()        Provides the first key-value pair from the given map in
                       the named domain.

     yp_next()         Provides the next key-value pair in the given map.  To
                       obtain the second pair, the inkey value should be the
                       outkey value provided by the initial call to
                       yp_first().  In the general case, the next key-value
                       pair may be obtained by using the outkey value from the
                       previous call to yp_next() as the value for inkey.

                       Of course, the notions of ``first'' and ``next'' are
                       particular to the type of YP map being accessed, and
                       thus there is no guarantee of lexical order.  The only
                       guarantees provided with yp_first() and yp_next(), pro-
                       viding that the same map on the same server is polled
                       repeatedly until yp_next() returns YPERR_NOMORE, are
                       that all key-value pairs in that map will be accessed
                       exactly once, and if the entire procedure is repeated,
                       the order will be the same.

                       If the server is heaviliy loaded or the server fails
                       for some reason, the domain being used may become un-
                       bound.  If this happens, and the client process re-
                       binds, the retrieval rules will break: some entries may
                       be seen twice, and others not at all.  For this reason,
                       the function yp_all() provides a better solution for
                       reading all of the entries in a particular map.

     yp_all()          This function provides a way to transfer an entire map
                       from the server to the client process with a single re-
                       quest.  This transfer uses TCP, unlike all other func-
                       tions in the ypclnt suite, which use UDP.  The entire
                       transaction occurs in a single RPC request-response.
                       The third argument to this function provides a way to
                       supply the name of a function to process each key-value
                       pair in the map.  yp_all() returns after the entire
                       transaction is complete, or the foreach function de-
                       cides that it does not want any more key-value pairs.
                       The third argument to yp_all() is:

                             struct ypall_callback *incallback {
                                     int (*foreach)();
                                     char *data;

                       The char *data argument is an opaque pointer for use by
                       the callback function.  The foreach function should re-
                       turn non-zero when it no longer wishes to process key-
                       value pairs, at which time yp_all() returns a value of
                       0, and is called with the following arguments:

                             int foreach (
                                     int instatus,
                                     char *inkey,
                                     int inkeylen,
                                     char *inval,
                                     int invallen,
                                     char *indata


                       instatus      Holds one of the return status values de-
                                     scribed in <rpcsvc/yp_prot.h>: see
                                     ypprot_err() below for a function that
                                     will translate YP protocol errors into a
                                     ypclnt layer error code as described in

                       inkey, inval  The key and value arguments are somewhat
                                     different here than described above.  In
                                     this case, the memory pointed to by inkey
                                     and inval is private to yp_all(), and is
                                     overwritten with each subsequent key-val-
                                     ue pair; therefore, the foreach function
                                     should do something useful with the con-
                                     tents of that memory during each itera-
                                     tion.  If the key-value pairs are not
                                     terminated with either `\n' or `\0' in
                                     the map, then they will not be terminated
                                     as such when given to the foreach func-
                                     tion, either.

                       indata        This is the contents of the
                                     incallback->data element of the callback
                                     structure.  It is provided as a means to
                                     share state between the foreach function
                                     and the user code.  Its use is completely
                                     optional: cast it to something useful or
                                     simply ignore it.

     yp_order()        Returns the order number for a map.

     yp_master()       Returns the hostname for the machine on which the mas-
                       ter YP server process for a map is running.

     yperr_string()    Returns a pointer to a NUL-terminated error string that
                       does not contain a `.' or `\n'.

     ypprot_err()      Converts a YP protocol error code to a ypclnt error
                       code suitable for yperr_string().

     All functions in the ypclnt suite which are of type int return 0 upon

     success or one of the following error codes upon failure:

     [YPERR_BADARGS]   The passed arguments to the function are invalid

     [YPERR_BADDB]     The YP map that was polled is defective.

     [YPERR_DOMAIN]    Client process cannot bind to server on this YP domain.

     [YPERR_KEY]       The key passed does not exist.

     [YPERR_MAP]       There is no such map in the server's domain.

     [YPERR_DOM]       The local YP domain is not set.

     [YPERR_NOMORE]    There are no more records in the queried map.

     [YPERR_PMAP]      Cannot communicate with portmap.

     [YPERR_RESRC]     A resource allocation failure occurred.

     [YPERR_RPC]       An RPC failure has occurred.  The domain has been
                       marked unbound.

     [YPERR_VERS]      Client/server version mismatch.  If the server is run-
                       ning version 1 of the YP protocol, yp_all() functional-
                       ity does not exist.

     [YPERR_BIND]      Cannot communicate with ypbind(8).

     [YPERR_YPERR]     An internal server or client error has occurred.

     [YPERR_YPSERV]    The client cannot communicate with the YP server pro-

     malloc(3),  yp(8),  ypbind(8),  ypserv(8)

     Theo De Raadt

OpenBSD 2.6                    October 26, 1994                              4

Source: OpenBSD 2.6 man pages. Copyright: Portions are copyrighted by BERKELEY
SOFTWARE DESIGN, INC., The Regents of the University of California, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD Inc., and others.

(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)

[Detailed Topics]
OpenBSD sources for ypclnt(3)

[Overview Topics]

Up to: Host, service name, and address operations - Methods and functions for doing address, host, user, and service name lookups (DNS). also Internet Assigned Numbers

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