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RocketLink!--> Man page versions: OpenBSD FreeBSD RedHat Solaris Others

[IEEE Std1003.2-1992 (``POSIX.2'').]

FNMATCH(3)                OpenBSD Programmer's Manual               FNMATCH(3)

     fnmatch - match filename or pathname using shell globbing rules

     #include <fnmatch.h>

     fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);

     The fnmatch() function matches patterns according to the globbing rules
     used by the shell.  It checks the string specified by the string argument
     to see if it matches the pattern specified by the pattern argument.

     The flags argument modifies the interpretation of pattern and string. The
     value of flags is the bitwise inclusive OR of any of the following con-
     stants, which are defined in the include file <fnmatch.h>.

     FNM_NOESCAPE  Normally, every occurrence of a backslash (`\') followed by
                   a character in pattern is replaced by that character.  This
                   is done to negate any special meaning for the character.
                   If the FNM_NOESCAPE flag is set, a backslash character is
                   treated as an ordinary character.

     FNM_PATHNAME  Slash characters in string must be explicitly matched by
                   slashes in pattern. If this flag is not set, then slashes
                   are treated as regular characters.

     FNM_PERIOD    Leading periods in string must be explicitly matched by pe-
                   riods in pattern. If this flag is not set, then leading pe-
                   riods are treated as regular characters.  The definition of
                   ``leading'' is related to the specification of
                   FNM_PATHNAME. A period is always leading if it is the first
                   character in string. Additionally, if FNM_PATHNAME is set,
                   a period is leading if it immediately follows a slash.

                   Ignore /* rest after successful pattern matching.

     FNM_CASEFOLD  Ignore case distinctions in both the pattern and the

     The fnmatch() function returns zero if string matches the pattern speci-
     fied by pattern, otherwise, it returns the value FNM_NOMATCH.

     sh(1),  glob(3),  regex(3)

     The fnmatch() function conforms to IEEE Std1003.2-1992 (``POSIX.2'').

     The fnmatch() function first appeared in 4.4BSD.

     The pattern `*' matches the empty string, even if FNM_PATHNAME is speci-

OpenBSD 2.6                     April 28, 1995                               1

Source: OpenBSD 2.6 man pages. Copyright: Portions are copyrighted by BERKELEY
SOFTWARE DESIGN, INC., The Regents of the University of California, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD Inc., and others.

(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)

[Detailed Topics]
FreeBSD Sources for fnmatch(3) functions
OpenBSD sources for fnmatch(3)

[Overview Topics]

Up to: File Path Name Strings - Operations on hierarchical names (paths, files, identifiers)

RocketLink!--> Man page versions: OpenBSD FreeBSD RedHat Solaris Others

[IEEE Std1003.2-1992 (``POSIX.2'').]

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