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RocketLink!--> Man page versions: OpenBSD FreeBSD NetBSD Others

MSGSND(2)                 OpenBSD Programmer's Manual                MSGSND(2)

     msgsnd - send a message to a message queue

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/ipc.h>
     #include <sys/msg.h>

     msgsnd(int msqid, const void *msgp, size_t msgsz, int msgflg);

     The msgsnd() function sends a message from the message queue specified in
     msqid. msgp points to a structuer containing the message. This structure
     should consist of the following members:

         long mtype;    /* message type */
         char mtext[1]; /* body of message */

     mtype is an integer greater than 0 that can be used for selecting mes-
     sages (see msgrcv(2)),  mtext is an array of bytes, with a size up to
     that of the system limit (MSGMAX).

     If the number of bytes already on the message queue plus msgsz is bigger
     than the maximum number of bytes on the message queue ( msg_qbytes, see
     msgctl(2)),  or the number of messages on all queues system-wide is al-
     ready equal to the system limit, msgflg determines the action of
     msgsnd().  If msgflg has IPC_NOWAIT mask set in it, the call will return
     immediately. If msgflg does not have IPC_NOWAIT set in it, the call will
     block until:

     -   The condition which caused the call to block does no longer exist.
         The message will be sent.

     -   The messag queue is removed, in which case -1 will be returned, and
         errno is set to EINVAL.

     -   The caller catches a signal. The call returns with errno set to

     After a successful call, the data structure associated with the message
     queue is updated in the following way:

     -   msg_cbytes is incremented by the size of the message.

     -   msg_qnum is incremented by 1.

     -   msg_lspid is set to the pid of the calling process.

     -   msg_stime is set to the current time.

     Upon successful completion, 0 is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and
     errno is set to indicate the error.

     msgsnd() will fail if:

     [EINVAL]      msqid is not a valid message queue identifier

                   The message queue was removed while msgsnd() was waiting
                   for a resource to become available in order to deliver the

                   msgsz is less than 0, or greater than msg_qbytes.

     [EACCES]      The calling process does not have write access to the mes-
                   sage queue.

     [EAGAIN]      There was no space for this message either on the queue, or
                   in the whole system, and IPC_NOWAIT was set in msgflg.

     [EFAULT]      msgp points to an invalid address.

     [EINTR]       The system call was interrupted by the delivery of a sig-

     msgctl(2),  msgget(2),  msgrcv(2)

     OpenBSD does not define the EIDRM error value, which should be used in
     the case of a removed message queue.

     Message queues appeared in the first release of AT&T Unix System V.

OpenBSD 2.6                     August 17, 1995                              2

Source: OpenBSD 2.6 man pages. Copyright: Portions are copyrighted by BERKELEY
SOFTWARE DESIGN, INC., The Regents of the University of California, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, Free Software Foundation, FreeBSD Inc., and others.

(Corrections, notes, and links courtesy of RocketAware.com)

[Detailed Topics]

[Overview Topics]

Up to: Local Process Communication - Communication between processes running on the same system. Synchronization. File locking. Signals. FIFOs, pipes, et al

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